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The HMS Arethusa log book was kept between March 23, 1777 and June 3, 1777. He’s up to 15,600 names, and the young Bostonian was among those who stood out. The battle continued for another 30 minutes. The combined broadsides of the two British ships were slightly heavier than Constitution's, but were fired almost exclusively from short-range carronades, and at the range at which the action commenced, 250 yards (230 m), the effect of Constitution's main deck battery of 24-pounder long guns was decisive against the lighter structure and short range armament of the British vessels.[2]. Captcha has been reloaded. A nautical unit of length equivalent to 720 feet (220 m) in the U.S. Navy and 608 feet (185 m) in the Royal Navy, Andrew Lambert, The Challenge: Britain Against America in the Naval War of 1812, Faber and Faber (2012), What It was Like to be shot up by Old ironsides American Heritage April/May 1983 Vol 34 Issue 3, "February 20 1815: USS Constitution fights on", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capture_of_HMS_Cyane_and_HMS_Levant&oldid=981832333, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2017, Atlantic Ocean articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Mediterranean Sea--Description and travel. [51] In July Levant encountered and captured Robert, an American merchant vessel that had been bound for Boston with a cargo of salt. HMS Cyane and HMS Levant - February 20, 1815. Malcolm Lester In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. [63] Spain was still nominally a neutral power and after a brief exchange of pleasantries the Spanish fleet left Levant unmolested and continued on its way. The discoveries were only beginning. [5][19], The British squadron, of which Levant was part, was tasked with disrupting French trade through the Caribbean and hunting privateers. The Levant 's upper deck was armed with 24 British 9-pounder guns, half of which were 1/2-pound swivels. Decommissioned for a second time in 1770, she was reinstated at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War and sent to the Mediterranean as part of a small British squadron based at Gibraltar. Over the next three years she captured or sank a total of fourteen enemy craft including an 18-gun American privateer. [3] Orders from Admiralty to build the Coventry-class vessels were made after the outbreak of what was later called the Seven Years' War, at a time when the Royal Dockyards were fully engaged in constructing or fitting-out the Navy's ships of the line. Principally a hunter of privateers, she was also designed to be a match for small French frigates, but with a broader hull and sturdier build at the expense of some speed and manoeuvrability. On June 17, 1778, the Arethusa participated in action against the 36-gun La Belle Poule near the island of Ushant. W. Woodward, 1815. Watkins pledged that the search would continue. They were Collier's own ship HMS Leander (50 guns), HMS Newcastle (50 guns), and HMS Acasta (40 guns). [5] Her passing was mourned by her crew, with their sentiments recorded by Levant's former first lieutenant, Erasmus Gower, that "having captured so considerable a number of prizes ... few vessels, perhaps, have ever quitted a station with more éclat respecting herself, and more regret from the officers and other persons concerned, who derived advantage from her good fortune and the activity of her people. Alle processen tussen het ophalen van afval tot en met het moment dat wij ons ontdoen van het afval en de monostromen (grondstoffen) beschouwt HMS als haar primaire taak. Online ed., edited by Lawrence Goldman, January 2008. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/40510 (accessed July 2, 2015). After Adams' modifications, she was of 595 ​34⁄94 tons burthen, nearly ten tons more than the figure specified in the contract. Powered by Debias went on to a career aboard merchant vessels until he rejoined the Constitution from 1821 to 1824 for service in the Mediterranean, where the flagship of a US squadron visited such ports as Malaga, Genoa, Naples, Algiers, and Malta. Having escaped from British blockaders off Boston on December 18, 1814, the ship, under Captain Charles Stewart, had spent the intervening two months cruising Atlantic sea lanes in search of prizes. Lieutenant Hoffman, the second lieutenant of Constitution, took command of Cyane. “He may have been recaptured as a runaway and finished out his days as a slave somewhere in the South.”. While repairs were being made to all three ships and Stewart was preparing to send off the prisoners in a neutral cartel, a large ship was sighted making for the anchorage. [25] Levant saw little action in advance of Monckton's arrival and captured only one vessel, the privateer La Catherine, on 15 February. [67] The ageing frigate then briefly joined a small Navy squadron on patrol off Brighton before setting sail for the Spanish coast. Samuel Marshall commanded the HMS Arethusa from 1777 until 1779. Of this squadron, Levant was the second largest, behind only Duff's 60-gun flagship HMS Panther. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1988. [43] In November 1776 Levant secured a substantial prize with the capture of another South Carolina vessel, Argo,[44] carrying rice and indigo worth £37,200. All three British frigates pursued her into the harbour and opened fire, while the British prisoners from Cyane and Levant seized a Portuguese shore battery and also opened fire on Levant. Local lawyer Thomas Falconer believed Debias’s declarations that he was a free man and petitioned the secretary of the Navy to certify that belief before a court trial began May 2. Stewart then embarked on a commerce-raiding cruise which took Constitution to Bermuda, Madeira, the coast of Portugal and finally back towards Madeira. Levant was sent in pursuit, with her crew sighting the General Montgomery at midday on 8 March. A captain by the same name lived from 1759-1831 and commanded the Sans Pareil from 1795-1798. United States, Naval History Division. Stewart ordered his crew to cease fire, and the smoke cleared in time to allow the Americans to see Cyane attempting to cross their stern and rake Constitution. It was further proved that, after the expiration of three weeks, upon the application of Captain Douglas, one third of the men were allowed to be on deck, four hours out of twenty-four, but had not the means of walking, being still in leg irons; that on mustering the crews when they landed at Maranham, five of the Levant's boys were missing; that, upon application and search for them, two were found locked up in the American Captain of marine's cabin. [10], The vessel was named after the Levant, an area of the eastern Mediterranean. Additional pages in the volume are either blank, or contain empty tables. “Every once in a while, you hit one that’s a little bit different and a little bit of an eye-catcher,” said Martin, who lives in Tryon, N.C. Nicole SobotaManuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. They were Collier's own ship HMS Leander (50 guns), HMS Newcastle (50 guns), and HMS Acasta (40 guns). The work was granted to shipwright John Dudman and took six months from November 1770 to April 1771. The hostilities officially concluded on February 17, 1815, when the U.S. Congress ratified the treaty. After broadsides had been exchanged for quarter of an hour, the cloud of smoke from the firing which gathered under Constitution's lee hid the British ships from view. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1976. [7], At 1:00 pm on 20 February 1815, two ships were sighted to the south, and Stewart set all sail in chase, in an easterly wind. To report technical errors, please contact Loaded with rices and indigo. [5] Captain Murray's orders were to join a Mediterranean squadron under the overall command of Captain Robert Mann, which was given the task of intercepting merchant vessels suspected of supplying American rebels. A nautical unit of length equivalent to 720 feet (220 m) in the U.S. Navy and 608 feet (185 m) in the Royal Navy, Andrew Lambert, The Challenge: Britain Against America in the Naval War of 1812, Faber and Faber (2012), What It was Like to be shot up by Old ironsides American Heritage April/May 1983 Vol 34 Issue 3, "February 20 1815: USS Constitution fights on", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capture_of_HMS_Cyane_and_HMS_Levant&oldid=981832333, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2017, Atlantic Ocean articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Unlike naval ratings, servants and other ranks took no part in the sailing or handling of the ship. The Arethusa encountered other ships during this time, most of them British. At 8:00 pm, Stewart set off to pursue Levant, and at 8:50 discovered the British vessel beating back upwind to re-enter the fight, unaware that Cyane had surrendered. While repairs were being made to all three ships and Stewart was preparing to send off the prisoners in a neutral cartel, a large ship was sighted making for the anchorage. Cyane increased sail to close on the Levant and by 5:30 pm, the two British ships were within hail of each other. Undefeated and famous following earlier victories over the HMS Guerriere and HMS Java, the Constitution under Stewart’s command outmaneuvered and ripped apart the two smaller warships in an evening battle. [68][66] On 5 August she took part in the recapture of a British merchant vessel, Nine Colliers. Exeter , the Worcester , the Alarm , and the Zephyr . After indicating that a sail was spotted to the southwest, the HMS Levant "spoke the chase and found her to be American ship from Charles Town bound to Bordeaux. He was born on August 22, 1741, in Tullibardine, Perthshire, Scotland. View our programs, plan your visit, and make a reservation. “Even if he was released on his own recognizance, I just don’t fathom there’s any way he was able to get back to the right side of the Mason-Dixon Line," said Martin, who once led the history department at Boston Latin School. After calling at a Brazilian port, where Stewart released his remaining prisoners, Constitution reached Puerto Rico where Stewart learned that the war had ended some days before he had fought. The 29 servants and other ranks provided for in the ship's complement consisted of 20 personal servants and clerical staff, four assistant carpenters, an assistant sailmaker and four widow's men. After calling at a Brazilian port, where Stewart released his remaining prisoners, Constitution reached Puerto Rico where Stewart learned that the war had ended some days before he had fought. Capture of HMS Cyane and HMS Levant; Part of War of 1812: USS Constitution captures HMS Cyane and HMS Levant: Date: February 20, 1815: Location: mid-Atlantic Porto Praya, Cape Verde Islands. However the frigate saw little action in her first six months in the region; French trade had virtually ceased since the outbreak of war with Britain, while a smallpox outbreak killed some among Levant's crew. [28] At least four other vessels were also taken in this period; Superbe, Polly, Petit-Creolle and Elizabeth. HMS Levant and HMS Arethusa Log Book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. [26] Monckton arrived in Antigua shortly after this capture; Captain Tucker was then deputised to carry the general aboard Levant for a visit to the various Leeward Island settlements while the invasion force assembled at Guadeloupe. In August she docked at Deptford to take on crew and supplies, setting sail for the Caribbean on 28 November. Met HMS Customer Care verlenen we service aan klanten. [1][11][c] In sailing qualities Levant was comparable with French frigates of equivalent size, but with a shorter and sturdier hull and greater weight in her broadside guns. We are a top rated, audience focused institution, with a track record of delighted visitors. Both sailed through the night without sighting their prey. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1993. British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714-1792. In June 1775, the ship was recommissioned under Captain Digby Dent for service in the English Channel. As built, Levant was 118 ft 5 in (36.1 m) long with a 97 ft 4 in (29.7 m) keel, a beam of 33 ft 11 in (10.34 m), and a hold depth of 10 ft 6 in (3.2 m).

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