Marduk loosed the winds against her, piercing her heart with an arrow and killing her. A citizen could go to law courts against them and obtain judgments against them. Those rocks who refused Ninursag's task to be thrown as weapons, Ninurta rewarded by transforming them into precious gems. DAMKINA The Babylonian consort to the god Ea, mother of the hero-god Marduk. His qualities were eventually assumed by Adad. As Lama she was depicted as a woman in a long, tiered robe while, as Lamassu, she appeared as a winged bull or lion with a woman's face or head and protected temples and palaces against the forces of chaos and their attendant evils. She is the mother of Anu in some myths and associated with Anshar (heaven). Owing to the cleverness of Enki she is forced to surrender Inanna back to the land of the living. ERRAGAL - A Sumerian god of the underworld. ETEMMU - The immaterial spirit released from the human being at death, not to be confused with the soul. Equal in rank to An and Enlil was the goddess Ninhursag (also known as Nintur and Ninmah), goddess of stony ground: the near mountain ranges in the east and the stony desert in the west with its wildlife—wild asses, gazelles, wild goats, etc. KISHAR - The Babylonian goddess of the earth and fertility. The Lamassu were protective spirits who were sometimes depicted as the Bull-Man (human above the waist and bull below) but, more often as a human-headed bull or lion with wings. Black, et.al., Stephanie Dalley, Will Durant, Thorkild Jacobsen, Samuel Noah Kramer and Gwendolyn Leick. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/221/. See ANSHAR. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Differs from Anu in that he is only the god of the sky not the heavens above the clouds. The Sumerian word `An' is translated as`heaven' and he was associated with thunder rolling across the skies. MUSHDAMMA - The Sumerian god of foundations and buildings, brother of Kabta (god of pickaxes, construction and bricks) and one of the sons of Ninhursag. KUR - The Sumerian word for `mountain' which referred to either the high abode of the gods or the vast expanse of the underworld beneath the earth's surface, depending on the context. He was especially venerated in the region around the City of Ur. NINSHUBUR - The Sumerian goddess of the east who was friend, confidant, defender, advisor and traveling companion to Inanna. The divine aspect, however, is not that of a living god but rather that of a slain, powerless divinity. The identity of the Queen of the Night, therefore, remains unknown. She rules the land of the dead alone (known to the Mesopotamians generally as `The Land of No Return', a dark and gloomy place) until the coming of the god Nergal who becomes her consort. It is not possible to characterize more than a few prominent ones." He is depicted as a man above the waist and a bull below. Ninurta was depicted as a fierce god who more often used his brawn instead of his brains. SEBITTI - According to Babylonian sources, the Sebitti were seven minor warrior gods, sometimes associated with the Anunnaki of the underworld, who followed the demon Irra into battle. She has been identified as both Ishtar/Inanna or as Ereshkigal as well as with the demoness Liltu/Lillith. She and her sister, Anshar, were originally created to feed and adorn the Anunnaki. NERGAL - Also known as Erra/Irra, the Sumerian god of war, pestilence, destruction, death, and the underworld, co-ruler with Ereshkigal, but originally associated with Shamash, the sun god, and a solar deity. This was done, after which 14 womb goddesses gestated the mixture and gave birth to seven human pairs. SILILI - The Babylonian goddess of horses, known as `The Divine Mare', the mother of all horses. The Mesopotamian paradise (known as "Dilmun" to the Sumerians) was the land of the immortal gods and was not given the same sort of attention the underworld received. NINGIZZIA - The Babylonian guardian of the gates of heaven who watches over the eastern gate, the most prominent, as it is the gate of the morning. He is often depicted as a feather-robed archer drawing a bow riding on a serpent or dragon. The Mesopotamian core mythology was a mixture of magic and entertainment, with words of wisdom, praise for individual heroes or kings, and magical tales. Associated with Marduk, sometimes depicted as his brother, Bel was very clever and wise. Famously mentioned in The Epic of Gilgamesh: "All living creatures born of the flesh shall sit at last in the boat of the West, and when it sinks, when the boat of Magilum sinks, they are gone.". SHAMASH - (Also known as Samas, Babbar, Utu) - The Akkadian god of the sun who is identified with the earlier Sumerian sun god Utu. Books The story of Absu is told in the Enuma Elish. Her story is told in the Babylonian creation myth the Enuma Elish. Ashnan and her sister, Lahar, were the children of Enlil, born to provide sustenance to the Annunaki, the judges of the dead. In The Epic of Gilgamesh she tries to seduce King Gilgamesh, is repulsed by him as he lists her many faults as a fair-weather lover, and calls down the Bull of Heaven to punish the king. His death, following the slaying of the Bull of Heaven, is the impetus for Gilgamesh to embark on his quest for the meaning of life. When, in the 2nd and 1st millennia bce, Babylonia and Assyria emerged as national states, their kings had responsibility for the national cult, and each monarch supervised the administration of all temples in his domain. He was the god of magic who defeated his father Apsu and created the earth. After his death in battle, his blood and flesh were used in the creation of human beings. Urshanabi breaks the eternal laws governing his position as ferryman by taking Gilgamesh to Dilmun and travels back with him to the city of Uruk at the end of the epic. Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. He is often compared with Thoth of the Egyptians, Apollo by the Greeks, and Mercury by the Romans.
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